How to grow mushrooms at home

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The mushroom season is in full swing, and people rushed into the forests to fill baskets and buckets with butter, mushrooms, and milk mushrooms. However, while some mushrooms are looking for - prowling through the forest, others calmly harvest on their hacienda. Do you want the same? We tell you how to grow mushrooms at home

How to grow mushrooms at home


What should be foreseen

Growing mushrooms on a garden plot are not as difficult as it seems at first glance. The first step is to decide which ones you want - milk mushrooms, honey mushrooms, boletus, boletus, or mushrooms. If there is a piece of wood on your site, that would be ideal. However, one must understand which forest is deciduous or coniferous. It depends on which mycelium can take root there and form the fruiting body of the fungus. But even if there is no forest nearby, it doesn't matter, there is a garden on each site.

Many people imagine: in order to grow a mushroom, you must first find it in the forest, dig it up, chop it, sow it in the garden. It's all much easier now. In any garden store - whole showcases of packs of mushrooms with mycelium.

It is enough just to buy a pack, on the back of which there is a step-by-step instruction on how to properly dilute and care for this particular type of mushroom.

“Be prepared for the fact that, having fulfilled all the instructions, you will not get a harvest in the first year,” warns Tatiana Kudryashova. - It will happen either next year or two years later. Such a capricious mycelium! It is better to sow mushrooms in early spring, as soon as the snow has melted and the earth has warmed up. Until it gets hot, it's bad for survival. In spring, there is a lot of moisture, it rains in sufficient quantities, and the sun is not so hot. It is likewise significant that you need to water the mycelium more than once per week, as many are familiar with, yet as frequently as could be expected.

So the place for the mycelium should be determined now. And get ready.

What to use for growing mushrooms

You can use stumps for growing mushrooms. For example, there is a stump from some tree, do not uproot it - here you can breed a whole family of honey agarics. Buy mycelium and go! There are even winter mushrooms, with which the stump must be “

infected” in the fall. Don't worry, they won't die. Despite what is generally expected, in the spring, when the sun warms the shadow, they will start to develop. You can also choose a summer variety - you won't go wrong either.

Then everything is simple: the powder with mycelium is diluted with water (according to the instructions) and the stump is watered abundantly. It must be loosely wrapped with a film, in which a hole is made so that the stump breathes. After 2 - 4 months, looking under the film, you will see white mold. This is the mycelium. After that, the film must be removed, and there it is a stone's throw from the harvest.

- Remember that the appearance of mycelium depends on the temperature. The lower, the longer the formation of mycelium takes. For growing honey agarics, stumps can also be sawed. Then bury halfway into the soil sideways.

Porcini and boletus

Porcini mushrooms, or boletus, are harder to raise. The first step is to dig a groove for at least a bayonet-shovel depth and width.

- Then I dig a strip on the right and left, divide it into even squares and turn the sod, - Aunt Tanya shares her know-how. - Boletus needs chalk and wood compost, with which I fertilize what I have in the groove. For this situation, you should act rigorously as indicated by the directions on the pack. Humus bedding for boletus is required, otherwise, it will not survive. After fertilizing the soil, we return our turf to its place and carefully spill it with water.

At the point when the mycelium flourishes and the fruiting groups of the mushrooms show up, watering and care can be totally halted.

Thus, you can breed white, boletus, boletus, boletus at home.

Champignon

Champignons need good compost, manure, preferably horse manure. Chalk, gypsum, and a very complicated soil sterilization process.

They are quite whimsical: they do not grow on the ground or in the open sun, they need shade, certain moisture, and temperature regime, so a place for these mushrooms must be found somewhere in a shady corner of the garden.

Champignon seedlings look like white mold, which gradually curls up into small nodules - these are the future mushrooms. Then a tiny leg and a pinhead-sized hat appear, and then a mushroom.

How to improve mushroom harvest in the garden

If you want to improve the mushroom harvest - bring lands from the forest. We take a box, a shovel and look for a place in the forest with the mycelium we need. Carefully in the forest, we remove the soil 15 centimeters deep and take it with us to the dacha. On the site, we remove the sod of exactly the same size and spread forest soil on this place. We are already sowing mushrooms on it.

Found an old or wormy mushroom? Let it sow controversy. Next year, several will come out in its place at once. By the way, there is a way to propagate mushrooms. Take an overgrown mushroom, chop the cap and chop it on the ground. Pre-preferred in woody debris. And in the new season, you will have a chance to collect a dozen mushrooms here. This can be done at your dacha.

What mushrooms should not be grown on the site

- Beware of pigs - this is a very poisonous mushroom, which in no case should be eaten, - Tatiana Sergeevna warns. - Previously, they were considered conditionally edible, and many still take a pig in the forest or breed in a garden. Drop this business! In the pulp of the pig, there is a powerful poison - muscarine, which threatens life and health. So it's better not to drag this mushroom to your site.
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